PART THREE: GHS Safety Data Sheet and GHS Safety Training Requirements
This is the final installment of a three-part series which provides an overview of the GHS impact on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OHSA) Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.1200; the following pertains to Safety Data Sheet (SDS) standardization and safety training for chemical hazards in the United States.
OSHA integration of the GHS standards impacts its Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requirements for safety data sheets. A safety data sheet discloses written details about the hazards of a product. GHS does not use the term ‘material safety data sheet’; OSHA is adopting the GHS language, so the M is now dropped from MSDS. Under GHS and now under OSHA, there’s a prescribed format for disclosure of industrial chemical data elements with 16 standardized sections including a specific order. An SDS needs all 16 sections to be compliant; however, OSHA will not be enforcing sections 12-15, which fall outside its jurisdiction.
Users of safety data sheets benefit from a standardized approach, which should improve comprehensibility and help with issues regarding accuracy of information. The new format reflects the American National Standard for Hazardous Workplace Chemicals–Hazard Evaluation and Safety Data Sheet and Precautionary Labeling Preparation, ANSI Z400.1/Z129.1-2010.
16 Required GHS Safety Data Sheet Sections (in order):
- Identification – Includes product identifier, manufacturer/distributor name, address, phone number, emergency phone number, the recommended use and restrictions on use.
- Hazard(s) Identification – Lists the hazards of the chemical and required label elements.
- Composition/Ingredient Information – Includes information on chemical ingredients, and trade secret claims.
- First-Aid Measures – Lists important acute and delayed symptoms/effects, and required treatment.
- Fire-Fighting Measures – Lists relevant extinguishing techniques and equipment, as well as chemical hazards from fire.
- Accidental Release Measures – Includes emergency procedures, protective equipment, and proper methods of containment and cleanup.
- Handling and Storage – Lists precautions for safe handling/storage, which includes incompatibilities.
- Exposure Control/Personal Protection – Includes OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs), Threshold Limit Values (TLVs), applicable engineering controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE).
- Physical & Chemical Properties – Includes the chemical’s characteristics.
- Stability & Reactivity – Lists the chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions.
- Toxicological Information – Includes exposure routes, related acute and chronic effects and symptoms, and numerical measures of toxicity.
- Ecological Information – (Enforced by other agencies, not OSHA.)
- Disposal Considerations -(Enforced by other agencies, not OSHA.)
- Transport Information – (Enforced by other agencies, not OSHA.)
- Regulatory Information – (Enforced by other agencies, not OSHA.)
- Other Information – Includes the date of preparation or last revision.
The SDS is product related and usually does not supply information specific to a workplace where the product may be used. Employers may use SDS information as a basis for development of programs focused on employee protection measures, including training, which is site-specific to the workplace.
Behind the GHS Safety Training
The GHS states in Chapter 1.4, Section 1.4.9, the importance of training all target audiences to recognize and interpret label and/or SDS information, and to take appropriate action in response to chemical hazards. Safety training requirements should be commensurate with the nature of the work or exposure. Key target audiences include employees, contractors, emergency responders and those responsible for developing labels and the SDS as part of a risk management system. Training needs of additional groups also have to be addressed; these include training for persons involved in transport and those responsible for educating consumers regarding product label information.
OSHA HCS 29CFR1910.1200 and GHS Safety Training
Employers must provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area at the time of their initial assignment, and whenever a new physical or health hazard the employees have not previously been trained about, is introduced into their work area. Information and training may be designed to cover categories of hazards (i.e. flammability, carcinogenicity) or specific chemicals. Chemical-specific information must always be available through labels and safety data sheets. It is crucial to provide employees safety training and education to establish an understanding as to how to read and interpret the SDS; in addition to understanding the appropriate precautionary behavior, personal protective equipment, and how to prepare for and respond to potential dangers in the workplace. Każdy oferuje szereg bezpłatnych kredytów (wirtualnych żetonów) do gier platformowych, wybierz sam automaty do gry za darmo automaty.Spis sprawdzonych automaty do gier platformowych, wybierz sam automaty do gier online za darmoz najwyższymi wskaźnikami jakości wszystkich ważnych parametrów którymi musi posiadać dostojny kasyno gry online za . http://onlinekasyno48.pl/kasyno-gry-automaty-za-darmo/ Każdy oferuje szereg bezpłatnych kredytów (wirtualnych żetonów) do gry online za darmokasyna można znaleźć tu! Na onlinekasyno48.pl możecie grać automaty do gry online za darmo automaty.Spis sprawdzonych automaty do gry dla tych kto ceni autentyczne uczucia i uruchomić bezpośrednio, bez rejestracji, niczym się nie zakosztować teraźniejszości hazardu, dla zabawy.Zwyczajnie w .